Library

  • Title: Results of Agronomic Improvements in Wadi Zabid (Yemen)
    Author: Agronomy Consultant
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: Documents improvements in cotton and sorghum cultivation in Yemen under the IIP Project.

  • Title: Case Study from Central Ethiopia
    Author: Ephraim Alamerew
    Type: Document
    Description: Description of spate irrigation and water harvesting in Kobo (North Wello) by Ethiopian Rain Water Harvesting Network.

  • Title: Effect of Land Inundation Period on Spate Irrigated Sorhum Yield in Gash Delta, Sudan
    Author: Ali M. Adeeb, et. al.
    Type: presentation
    Year: 2014

  • Title: Farmers’ Irrigation Practices Under Rod Kohi Irrigation System
    Authors: M. Ahmad and M. R. Choudhry
    Year: 2005
    Description: An article about the socio-economic survey on f
    armers’ irrigation practices under the Rod Kohi Irrigation System (hill torrents). It was published in the Pakistan Journal of Water Resources, Vol.9(1) January-June 2005

  • Title: Findings from the Field (pdf file) and Findings from the Field (powerpoint)
    Author: Ian McAllister Anderson for SOS Faim
    Type: Document and presentation
    Description: Two documents about spate irrigation in Gash Barka. The pdf file contains Google earth pictures of this area.

  • Title: Indigenous Water Harvesting Systems in Pakistan
    Author: Shahid Ahmad
    Type: Article
    Year: 2000
    Description: An extensive overview of water harvesting systems, especially spate systems in Pakistan.

  • Title: Report on Tokar Spate Irrigation Area (Sudan)
    Author: Ian McAllister Anderson
    Type: Document
    Year: 2008
    Description: Description of one of the most difficult spate irrigated areas in the world -Tokar- in Sudan, which is under constant threat of mesquite infestation and sand dune formation.

  • Title: Social and organizational Aspects of the Operation and Maintenance of Spate Irrigation Systems in Yemen
    Author: Dr. M. Al-Eryani and Mohammed Al-Amrani
    Type: Paper
    Year: 1998
    Description: Study which aims to identify the role which the WUA’s could play in the Operation and Maintenance of spate irrigation systems, by assessing the field situation of existing systems.

  • Title: Water-Rights and Water-Allocation Procedures of Farmers’ Managed Perennial Spate Irrigation Systems of Mithawan Watershed, D.G. Khan, Pakistan
    Author: Munir Ahmad, Shahid Ahmad, Muhammad Awais
    Type: Article
    Year: 2007
    Description: Water rights in the perennial flow in the spate irrigation systems of Pakistan

  • Title: Feasibility Study for Wadi Bana and Abyan Delta Development Project
    Author: WS Atkins & Partners in association with Binnie & Partners
    Type: Document
    Year: 1984
    Description: This document is a description of the proposed spate project in Wadi Bana (Yemen), including hydrology.

  • Title: Agriculture and Livestock in DI Khan (Pakistan)
    Author: Dr. M. Akmal & Dr. G. Habib
    Type: Document
    Year: 2002
    Description: Document on unique livestock breeds in spate irrigation and need to preserve the genetic stock.

  • Title: Economic Viability of Acacia Ehrenbergiana Plantations
    Author: Jaafar Hasan Alawi Al-Jeffri
    Type: Document
    Year: 2009
    Description: Document describing the business viability of local commercial plantations of this acacia species, based on activities in Yemen – providing the opportunity to reverse the degradation of forest resources in this area.

  • Title: Establishment of WUA in Tihama (Pdf) and (Powerpoint)
    Author:  Jaafar Hasan Alawi Al-Jeffri
    Type: Document and presentation
    Year: 2011
    Description:  Establishment of Water Users Associations (WUAs) in the main Spate Irrigation Area in Tihama Region of Yemen.

  • Title: Policy Papers on Spate Irrigation in Balochistan (Pakistan): Policy Briefing and Document on cost effectiveness
    Author: Shahid Ahmad & Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Khan
    Type: Policy briefing
    Year: 2007/2008
    Description: Policy papers on sailaba (spate irrigation) and khuskaba (sheet flow) agriculture in Balochistan – part of the Water for All series.

  • Title: Comparison of Available Water Resources for Irrigation in Mithawan Hill Torrent Command Area of Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan
    Author: Matlob Ahmad, Muhammad Arshad, M. Jehanzeb Masud Cheema and Riaz Ahmad
    Type: Article
    Year: 2016
    Description: Pakistan is facing a shortage of water for many years, mainly due to increase in population and mismanagement of available water resources. There is average annual potential of 23 billion m3 in hill torrent water resources of the country, which has not yet been utilized to its productive potential. This study compared the irrigation practices, crop yield, water productivity and benefit cost ratio of spate irrigated crops with other available sources of irrigation in Mithawan hill torrent command area of Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan.

  • Title: Groundwater Modelling and Optimization of Irrigation Water Use Efficiency to Sustain Irrigation in Kobo Valley, Ethiopia
    Author: Getahun Wendmkun Adane
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description: This research assessed the variations of recharge and abstractions of groundwater in the Kobo valley of Ethiopia. This in order to analyse the impacts or drawdown of groundwater from wells under different well operation scenarios. Furthermore recommendations are given for irrigation water use efficiency and on-farm water management.

  • Title:Towards Productive Shallow-Well
    Supported Floodplain Area, challenges and solutions, case of Koka Flood Plain, Ethiopia

    Author: Tsion Yinesulih Asres
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description: This research analyses the technical strengths and weaknesses of the existing traditional well and their distribution network in Koka, Ethiopia with respect to withstanding flood damage and providing sufficient supplemental water for agricultural production. It also gives recommendations on alternative shallow-well technologies amd suggestions for improvement measures.

  • Title: Options for Improving Zabid Main Canals
    Author: Arcadis Euroconsult
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: This paper identifies solutions for improving the main canal operation in the Zabid Area of Yemen. It identifies two sets of problems to focus on as priority: (a) sedimentation and (b) command problems in the head reach of canals. The paper also prescribes solutions to these problems and estimates the costs involved.

  • Title: Gates assessment
    Author: Arcadis Eurconsult
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: Assessment of functioning of gates in spate systems of Wadi Zabid an Wadi Tuban (Yemen).

  • Title: Hydrological Analysis of Wadi Zabid
    Author: Arcadis Euroconsult
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: Hydrological analysis (IIP Working paper) on Wadi Zabid, but also information on other emphemeral rivers in Yemen.

  • Title: Manual Participatory Design
    Author: Arcadis Euroconsult
    Type: Document
    Year: 2004
    Description: This document from the Irrigation Improvement Project outlines the steps for participatory design. The IIP worked on improved spate irrigation in two wadis in Yemen.

  • Title: WUA Contract Procedures
    Author: Arcadis Euroconsult
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: Another document from IIP describing how WUA can undertake small projects (within the framwork of World Bank loan).

  • Title: Assessment of water users associations in Spate Irrigation Systems: Case Study of Gash Delta Agricultural Corporation, Sudan
    Authors: Eltigani Elnour Bashir, Ali Mohamed Adeeb, Hassan Mohamed Ahmed
    Year: 2014
    Description: The purpose of this study is to assess Water Users Associations technically, financially and administratively as being partially responsible for spate irrigation system management in Gash Delta Agricultural Corporation in Sudan.

  • Title: Do’s and Don’ts in Spate Irrigation Management: The Case of Rod-e-Kanwanh
    Author: Allah Bakhsh et al.
    Type: Article
    Description: This document comes from the land settlement in Teshil (subdistrict) Sanghar in Dera Ghazi Khan district in Pakistan. It describes the water rights and agreed water management practices on the Kawanh spate river (Rod-e-Kanwanh). The practices were documented in the shape of do’s and don’ts during the settlement of 1918/1919 and give a detailed account of the do’s and don’ts with respect to the construction of structures, the distribution of water and the organization of work.

  • Title: Drinking Water Ponds in Mithi Tharparkar Pakistan
    Author: Allah Bakhsh
    Type: Document
    Year: 2012
    Description: A document about a field visit to the district Mithi Tharparkar (Pakistan), a dry area. It describes the use, storage and collection of water, especially in Barnilio Village DWSS and Dedh Village.

  • Title: Traditional Irrigation Systems & Methods of Water Harvesting (English) and Arabic.
    Author: Salem Abdullah Baquhaizel
    Type: Book
    Year: 1996/printed edition 2011
    Description: This book gives many practical insights in the sophisticated traditional spate irrigation techniques in this part of Yemen – such as conical abutments and traditional bed stablizers. Limited hard copies are available on request.

  • Title: Wadi Siham, Yemen, Development of Water Management
    Author: Laura Bonzanigo & Cecilia Borgia
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2009
    Description: A thesis on water management and organization since modernization of the infrastructure.

  • Title: Water Rights in Wadi Zabid and Wadi Tuban
    Author: Awadh A. Bahamish
    Type: Document
    Year: 2004
    Description: This document describes the water rights in two of the main ephermeral river systems in coastal Yemen.

  • Title: Flood Recession Farming – An Overview and Case Study from the Upper Awash Catchment, Ethiopia
    Author: Sander Coenraads Nederveen
    Type: Thesis
    Year: 2012
    Description:  Besides an overview of FRF in Africa, this thesis describes a case study in the Upper Awash river in Ethiopia. A possible relationship between floods and productivity of FRF was investigated. Finally it describes opportunities for inhabitants how to use annual floods optimally and benefits from changing conditions in flood prone areas.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Konso
    Author: R. F. Camacho
    Type: Paper
    Year: 2000
    Description: This paper reviews the local knowledge and experience of spate irrigation and water spreading in Konso (SNNPR, Ethiopia)

  • Title: Bilan et Potentialités des Aménagements Hydro-agricoles en Région Septrentrionale de Kayes (Mali): Quelles leçons pour le Développement Rural Régional?
    Author: Jean-Louis Couture
    Year: 1996
    Description: This document elaborates on the development and enhancement of bas-fonds in Mali. It was prepared for a seminar in 1996 organised by the Institute of Rural Economy (IER) in Bamako, the Centre for International Cooperation in Agronomic Research for Development –  Annual crops (CIRAD-CA), the Malian Company for the Development of Textiles (CMDT) and the Consortium Bas-Fonds/Association for the Development of Africa Rice  West (WARDA-WARDA) Bouaké – Côte d’Ivoire

  • Title: Les “bouches de l’eau” du pays Soninké (in French)
    Author: Jean-Louis Couture
    Year: 1997
    Description: In the Sahel rural development and water projects often implement imported technical models. This transfer of foreign technologies and management systems shows little interest in understanding local land and water management systems. The document describes important technological and social issues around implementing rehabilitation projects in the marginalized Kayes region in Mali.

  • Title: Migration, ressources renouvelables et dette sociale. L’eau, une ressource au coeur des relations sociales entre migrants Soninké et communautés villageoises d’origine (in French)
    Author: Jean-Louis Couture
    Year: 1997
    Description: The origins of the water crisis in northern Kayes,Maliare not only natural and climatic. Migrant workers are deeply related to the dynamics of the local water system.

  • Title: Participatory Approach for Improvements in Spate Irrigation Systems
    Author: Giulio Castelli
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description:  The purpose of this study has been to develop and test a participatory framework for selection and design of effective improvements in spate systems in Raya Valley, Ethiopia. A participatory approach based on Diagnostic Analysis was realised utilising Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques and Participatory Design methodology. A participatory analysis of the problems of the scheme was realised, then problems were ranked and suitable solutions were proposed.

  • Title: Revised PC-I Six Flood Dispersal Structures on NARI River
    Author: Cameos Consultants
    Year: 2011
    Description: This document gives a detailed prescription of the Project which focuses on structures in the Nãri River in district Kacchi in Pakistan. Is project is part of the Public Service Development Program. The project assists in conserving flood water for irrigating fertible culturable land.

  • Title: Spate breaker
    Author: R. Camacho
    Description: A note on Spate Breaker.

  • Title: Training for water practitioners;  Objectives of the trainingOverviewHandoutExercise and Flood diversion and it beneficiary use
    Author: Abebe Demissie Chukalla
    Type: Documents and presentations (in pdf)
    Year: 2012
    Description: Tailor-made training on Spate irrigation to the water practitioner working in the Woredas under SNNPR with request from SNNPR pastoralist office.

  • Title: Upstream, Downstream – Conveying Water and Ideas: Potentials for IWRM in Wadi Zabid, Yemen
    Author: Carmen Celine Tyndale From Dalseng
    Type: Thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description: This thesis investigates what the potential for IWRM is in Wadi Zabid, an area in western Yemen suffering from water resource troubles. It analyses the concept IWRM and sees how the approach to IWRM changes as it is conveyed from idea to reality on the ground in Wadi Zabid, as well as how the structure of the concept itself affects its potential for implementation.

  • Title: Bilan et potentialité des aménagements hydro-agricoles et région septentrionale de Kayes (Mali): quelles leçons pour le développement rural régional? (in French)
    Author: Jean-Louis Couture
    Year: 1996
    Description: The article puts water management issues in the Kayes region in a historical and geographical context. The climate change crisis led stakeholders to offer diverse solutions for water management (ranging from stone bunds to infiltration dams). Most of these solutions meet the objective of securing local cultures and cultivars. There is renewed interest in these proposed solutions, and includes Sinonké migrants in France (significant financial group). The local know-how, especially in flood recession farming, and land tenure systems should be better known. The solutions have the potential to provide an alternative to the current migration crisis.

  • Title: Prefeasibility Study For Construction of Dispersal Structures on Zohb River
    Author: Cameos Consultants
    Year: 2012
    Description: A report about the prefeasibility level study for the construction of 6 dispersal structures across Zhob River at different feasible locations and the assess the availability of water at the proposed structure sites through comprehensive water balance studies.

  • Title: Diagnostic Study of Farming Systems in Baluchistan: Kacchi District
    Author: Ian Mc Donald and associates Limited
    Type: Document
    Description: This report is an excellent description of the spate irrigation based farming systems in Kacchi, Pakistan

  • Title: Flood-Based Farming for Livelihoods in Ethiopia Lowlands
    Authors: Abraham Mehari Haile, Abebe Demissie, Tesfa-lem G. Embaye, Abiti Getaneh
    Type: Book, report
    Year: 2013
    Description: This book is a result of a research visit to several areas in Ethiopia. It gives information on the status, potential of flood-based farming and the investments needed.

  • Title: Food-based Farming for Food Security and Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia: Potential and Challenges – Proceedings of the Workshop held in Adema, Ethiopia, October 30 – 31, 2013
    Editors: Teklu Erkossa, Fitsum Hagos, Nicole Lefore.
    Year: 2013
    Description: The International Water Management Institute in East Africa and Nile Basin convened a learning spate irrigation workshop in Adama, Ethiopia, on 30-31 October 2013. The  main objective of the learning event was to determine how much knowledge on spate irrigation has been captured already, where the gaps in knowledge remain, and what areas of spate research should be prioritized to meet development goals in Ethiopia and the subregion. This document describes the proceedings of this workshop.

  • Title: Estimation of the Operational and Maintenance Expenditures for Spate Irrigation Systems
    Author: Dr. M. Al-Eryani et al.
    Type: Background paper for PIM Seminar (Hudiedah, November 22-27, 1998)
    Year: 1998
    Description: Study on O & M budgetary requirements and actual budget allocations – and government-WUA shares.

  • Title: Evaluation of Sorghum Varieties
    Author: Kebrom Emun
    Type: Document
    Year: 2005
    Description: Document on the multi-facetted evaluation of sorghum varieties – based on work in Eritrea.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Fokisa (Ethiopia)
    Author: Tesfa-alem Gebreegziabher Embaye
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2009
    Description: MSc thesis on sediment management and design of settling basins.

  • Title: Codifying Spate Water Rights in Contested Basins in Afghanistan
    Author: EPRSO
    Type: Report
    Year: 2016
    Description: This reconnaissance research report is part of the NWO project “Codifying water rights in contested basins of Afghanistan”. It is based on spate irrigation systems of Nimruz province, which includes extensive study of irrigation site visits and interviewing of different stakeholders for achieving the most suitable information regarding water sharing and distribution and conflict sources and resolutions of this area. It can be used for future decision making bodies and further development of irrigation areas in this specific province.

  • Title: Flood Water Spreading in Iran
    Author: Fars Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: Under the large flood water spreading experiment in Iran flood water is spread over the alluvial fan to build up soils, to recharge groundwater and to provide spate irrigation.

  • Title: Perennial Rod-Kohi System Development and Management in Mithawan Watershed
    Author: Field Station D.G.Khan, Water Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Center, PARC Islamabad
    Description: This document describes the project Perennial Rod-Kohi System Development and Management in Mithawan Watershed.

  • Title: Recommentation and Lessons Learned from Rehabilitaion of Spate Irrigation systems in Guelmin Province (Morocco) (in French)
    Author: FAO
    Type: Document
    Year: 2002
    Description: Review of effect of rehabilitation works in Oum Laachar, Talmaadert, N’Tiktane and Id Daoud in terms of farm income, groundwater levels and environmental impact.

  • Title: Sorghum Production under Spate Irrigation Systems
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen
    Year: 2016
    Type: Presentation
    Description: A presentation about sorghum under spate irrigation systems.

  • Title: Community Spate Irrigation in Bada (Eritrea)
    Author: Berhane Haile Gherbemariam
    Type: Article
    Description: Bada is one of the eleven potential sites of spate irrigation in the Eastern Lowlands in Eritrea, irrigating in a good year up to an estimated 2,000 ha. This paper describes the traditional organization and spate diversion structures. It analyses the techniques used in diversion and field water management and makes an assessment of the costs involved.

  • Name: Comparative analysis of lining materials for reduction of seepage in water harvesting structures, Adet, Ethiopia
    Authors: Menelik Getaneh, Amare Tsigae
    Year: 2013
    Type: Article (Internationall Journal of Development and Sustainability; Volume 2, Number 2; 2013)
    Description: Rain water harvesting with tanks and ponds is one option to increase water availability and agricultural production at the household level. This experiment was designed to explore different lining materials that can improve storage efficiency of small household rainwater harvesting ponds. The experiment was conducted at Adet agricultural research center on two sets with luvisols and Vertisols, the two dominant soil types in the research farm between 2009 and 2011.

  • Title: Draft tripartite agreement
    Author: GSCP
    Type: Agreement
    Description: A draft agreement between the field units, benificiary farmers and local council for the construction of spate improvement works and rehabilitation of water structure.

  • Title: Rod Kohi Irrigation System – Concept, Mechanics, Problems and Development Proposals
    Author: Aminullah Khan Gandapur
    Type: Document
    Description: Overview of the spate sysem in DI Khan and DG Khan with proposals for priority improvements.

  • Title: Water spreading wears for the development of degraded dry river valleys
    Author: GIZ and KfW
    Type: Document
    Description: This document describes the new approach involving the construction of water spreading weirs that was developed in recent years in the Sahel region, and thus to make it an attractive option for other semi-arid regions as well. It also provides the basis for a capacity development programme which is to be developed jointly by the participating national and international engineering firms.

  • Title: Managing Prosopis Juliflora for better (agro-) pastoral Livelihoods in the Horn of Africa
    Author: GIZ
    Year: 2015
    Description: This document summarizes the presentations held and the results of the discussions during the 2-day conference on Prosopis juliflora. This regional conference was organized by GIZ (Germany), Mekelle University (Ethiopia) UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education (the Netherlands) and the Spate Irrigation Network Foundation.

     

  • Title: Towards Improved Design of Diversion Structures in Spate Irrigation System: Case Study of Raya Valley, Ethiopia
    Author: Hintsa Libsekal Gebremariam
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description: In this study in Raya Valley, Ethiopia spate irrigation schemes were investigated and current design problems identified. The author developed problem based design alternatives and gives recommendations on the best alternative for better flood and sediment management.

  • Title: Introduction to Spate Irrigation
    Author: Maung Maung Htay
    Year 2010
    Description: This document gives lots of information on spate irrigation, especially in Myanmar.

  • Title: A Tradition in Transition: Sheeb Spate Irrigation System in Eritrea
    Author: Abraham Mehari Haile
    Type: PhD thesis
    Year: 2007
    Description: Thesis on all aspects of the Wadi Laba system – the management, water conservation and engineering interventions.

  • Title: Balochistan Minor Irrigation and Agricultural Development Project
    Author: Sir William Halcrow & Partners Ltd
    Type: Document
    Year: 1993
    Description: Example of thorough feasibility report for spate irrigation system development in Balochistan (Pakistan).

  • Title: Balochistan Minor Irrigation and Agricultural Development Project
    Author: Halcrow, Euroconsult
    Year: 1992
    Description: Proposed investigations, planning and design methods, and conceptual plans and designs for spate irrigation headworks and distribution works.

  • Title: Detailed Case Study of Various Aspects of Dodota System
    Author: John Paul van den Ham
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2008
    Description: The Dodata system covers 5.000 ha and is in fact in between spate irrigation and semi perennial irrigation.

  • Title: Dodota Spate Irrigation System (Arsi, Ethiopia)
    Author: John Paul van den Ham
    Type: Powerpoint presentation
    Description: Presentation with analysis of newly developed spate (semi-perennial) irrigation system in Oromia Regional State.

  • Title: Experience with Improved Drinking Water Ponds in DI Khan (Pakistan)
    Author: Arshad Haroon
    Type: Document
    Description: Overview of work on improved surface drinking water ponds in DI Khan, supported by the Swiss Supported PLI project.

  • Title: Farmers Scheme Operation and Maintenance Manual (Marufzai Flood Irrigation System)
    Author: Halcrow – Euroconsult – NESPAK – Techno consult
    Type: Manual
    Year: 2001
    Description: Sample farmers manual for operation and maintenance arrangements regarding the flood water use in Marufzai Area, Pakistan.

  • Title: Report Tihama Environment Protecting Project Sand Dune Stabilisation Programme (Aleolian sand formations of the Tihama-geomorphology and assessment of sand stabilisation programmes)
    Author: Hunting Technical Services Ltd
    Type: Report
    Year: 1999
    Description: Final report of the dune dynamics in the Tihama area – with sand dune formation being a constant threat to the spate command areas as well as the coastal date palm systems. The report describes nature and origins of dunes for both the coastal and inland areas; the nature of the wind directions in the Tihama an effect of dune movement on farming and pastoral communities and land use patterns.

  • Title: Study of Soil Moisture
    Author: Debesom Haish
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: Soil moisture management is very critical to high performance in spate irrigation. This study discusses soil moisture in two spate irrigation areas in the eastern lowlands of Eritrea.

  • Title: Water Sharing and Conflicts in the Wadi Laba spate Irrigation System, Eritrea
    Author: Abraham Mehari Haile et al.
    Type: Article
    Description: The traditional Wadi Laba spate irrigation scheme is about a century old. The farmser use brushwood and stone structures to divert water. Spates frequently damage the structures. Their repair demands a collective labour and material input. In respnse to this, the farmers organized themselves into subgroups, groups and committee.

  • Title: Case Study from Northern Ethiopia
    Author: Mitiku Haile & Diress Tsegaye
    Type: Document
    Description: Critical review of work on spate irrigation in Tigray/Afar Regions.

  • Title: RunOff Systems in the Western Lowalands of Eritrea
    Author: Abraham Mehari Haile & Mehreteab Tesfai
    Type: Paper
    Description: This paper describes the principles and practices of the runoff irrigation systems in the western lowlands of Eritrea, their potentials, constraints and possible improvement interventions. Runoff irrigation is a method of irrigation that directs surface runoff induced by rainfall from upland areas which is discharged throught streams to irrigate nearby fields in the lowlands.

  • Title: BCIAP Design manual Part 4: Infiltration Galleries
    Authors: Halcrow, Euroconsult, Nespak, Techno Consult
    Year: 2002
    Description: This manual is based on the Balochistan Minor Irrigation Agricultural Development Project (BMIADP) Infiltration Gallery Design Manual. This Balochistan Community Irrigation and Agriculture Project (BCIAP) manual covers all aspects of infiltration gallery design and construction and includes additional material based on the experience gained from constructing weirs in Balochistan under BCIAP.

  • Title: Double Degree MSc Programme on Agricultrual Water Management for Arid and Semi-arid Climates (DD-AWMASC (Handbook 2011-2013)
    Author: Haramaya University and UNESCO-IHE
    Year: 2011
    Description: The Haramaya University, Oromia Regional National State, Ethiopia and UNESCO-IHE, Delft, the Netherlands, have developed a two years Double Degree Master programme on Agricultural Water Management for Arid and Semi-arid Climates (DD-AWMASC). This proposal presents the details of the programme. The programme will take place atstarts at Haramaya University as well as UNESCO-IHE and includes lectures, exercises, laboratory work, fieldwork and fieldtrips, a two weeks European Fieldtrip and a groupwork. The programme ends with completing and defending the MSc thesis.

  • Title: Flood Based Farming Practices in Tigray: Status and Potential
    Author: Mehari Hiben
    Year: 2014
    Description: In Raya spate irrigation has been practiced for centuries. This report encompasses the current status of flood base farming development, summarizes the experiences so far and formulates a number of recommendations on the development of this upcoming resource management system. It first discusses the status and spate irrigation in the Raya valley then goes to the potential there is and the different techniques of flood based farming practicing in Tigray.

  • Title: Agro-forestry in Spate Irrigation in Tihama (Yemen) (in Arabic)
    Author: ILEIA
    Type: Document
    Description: Documentation of agro-forestry and scope for improving and rehabilitation.

  • Title: Climate change adaptation needs for agriculture and water resources in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
    Author: Intercooperation
    Year: 2013
    Description: This document is the result of an orientation workshop on climate change conducted with senior officers of Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan at the Agricultural University Peshawar. It describes the impact of climate change in general and especially for Pakistan and the adaptation to it.

  • Title: Climate Change Scenarios and Possible Adaptation Measures
    Author: Intercooperation
    Year: 2013
    Description: A document on the impact of elimate change on agriculture and water resources under different elimate change scenarios that are likely to occur in districts Chitral and Dl Khan of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. An understanding of likely scenarios in elimate change is essential before embarking on appropriate adaptation strategies to adjust to the adverse and/or positive impacts of elimate change on agriculture and water resources.

  • Title: Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project
    Author: IFAD, Near East and North Africa Division
    Type: Article
    Year: 2003
    Description: A description of the Gash Sustaineble Livelihoods Regeneration Project in Sudan. The project basically aims to arrest the deterioration of local livelihoods by: 1) land tenancy reform so that land access is equitable, secure, and for fiable plot sizes; 2) managing the flood water to suit 3 key purposes of farrming, filling of water earth tanks (hafirs) at the balags or the forest plots that collect the excess flood water; 3) devolution of spate water and land management to users’ organizations.

  • Title: History of Daraban Zam (Pakistan)
    Author: Fahim Iqbal
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: Describes the development of spate irrigation and the water rights and water management system in Daraban Zam, one of the larger ephemeral river systems in DI Khan, NWFP, Pakistan.

  • Title: Mithawan Hill Torrent Regulating Flood Water Hydraulic Model Study
    Author: Irrigation Research Institute, Lahore
    Year: 1979
    Description: In the Mithawan Hill torrent of the Dera Ghazi Khan district, this hydraulic model study was done in order to improve flood water regulation in the area.

     

  • Title: Moisture Management in Eritrea (in Tigrinya)
    Author: ILEIA
    Type: Document
    Description: Explanation of agronomic practices yielding to very high yields in Sheeb.

  • Title: Rudh Kohi system in Pakistan
    Author: Intercooperation
    Type: Document
    Year: 2013
    Description: Rudh Kohi system in Pakistan — Achievements, Prospects and Issues: Sharing DI Khan Experience

  • Title: Water for Livelihood Project and the Livelihoods Programme Hindukush
    Author: Intercooperation
    Description: This document describes both projects and tells stories from the field.

  • Title: Water Governance in Gash Spate System (Sudan)
    Author: IFAD
    Type: Article
    Year: 2004
    Description: The Gash irrigation scheme is located in Kassala province, East of the Republic of the Sudan. This large irrigation scheme of 100,000 ha was set up by the government in the 1920s to settle poor nomadic people into a cash economy growing cotton. The scheme went into serious decline in the 1970s, and further drought spells and security problems have led to increased pressure on meagre resources.

  • Title: Technical Note: Supporting and promoting flood-based farming systems
    Authors: IFAD
    Year: 2015
    Description: Flood Based Farming Systems have often been overlooked, if not misunderstood, by decision makers, agricultural experts and  professionals. A good example is the construction of large-scale surface water storage that more often than not does not taken into account the presence of downstream flood based livelihood. Literature related to the topic is relatively sparse. This technical note intends to bring forward the concept of floodplains as valuable areas of ecological, agricultural and economic importance. Moreover it may serve as guideline for practitioners on a range of techniques and technologies to be applied in floodplains.

  • Title: Preparation of Hill Torrent Management Plan in CRBC (Pakistan)
    Author: Muhammad Yunus Javed et al.
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: The development of the perennial irrigation command of the Chasma Right Bank Canal at the tail of spate irrigation/rod kohi systems in DI Khan had many impact on the spate systems, socially and hydrologically. This consultants report to the ADB describes adjustments an mitigating measures as well as general lessons learned.

  • Title: Relationship between Energy Inputs and Crop Production in DI Khan District (Pakistan): SummaryIntro and reviewMethodologyProjections, ResultsReferencesResults continued
    Author: Mohammad Azam Khan
    Type: Thesis
    Year: 1994
    Description: Phd thesis comparing among others the use of tractors and animal traction in spate irrigation

  • Title: Growing Wheat in Spate Irrigation
    Author: M. J. Khan et al.
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: Research by the Intercooperation team working in D. I. Kahn (Pakistan), making the case for improved field level water management.

  • Title: Assessment of Water Availability and Evaluation of Traditional Rudh-Kohi Irrigation System in Dera Ismail Khan
    Year: 2013
    Authors: Muhammad Jamal Khan, Muhammad lqbal Marwat, Munawar Khan Khattak
    Description: This report describes the research findings of the study “Water availability Assessment and evaluation of the traditional Rudh-kohi irrigation system of DI Khan”. Main objectives of the research were: to assess the availability of water in Daraban and Chodwan zams; find the yield of major crops; to understand the water distribution system and to find the strengths and weaknesses of the traditional Rudh-kohi irrigation system; to determine the depth of water application, status and cost of land levelling as well as maintenance cost of the Rudh-kohi irrigation system.

  • Title: Community Spate Irrigation in Raya Valley: The Case of Three Spate Irrigation Systems and view the map: Map Raya Valley
    Author: Haile Kidane
    Type: Thesis
    Year: 2009
    Description: MSc thesis evaluating spate irrigation systems in Raya Valley.

  • Title: Comparing the costs and benefits of floating rice-based and intensive rice-based farming systems in the Mekong delta
    Author: Van Kien Nguyen
    Type: Article in Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development. (Volume 5(9), 202-217)
    Year: 2015
    Description: This paper compares financial costs and benefits of floating rice-based and intensive rice farming systems using data from focus group discussions and household survey in four locations in the Mekong Delta. The results support the argument that the floating rice based systems allows farmers diversified into profitable upland crops, which can help farmers to improve their total income.

  • Title: An economic evaluation of flood dike construction in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
    Author: Van Kien Nguyen
    Type: Book
    Year: 2014
    Description: This book is about the comparison of costs and benefits of alternative dyke constructions (seasonal August dykes and permanent High dykes) for agricultural production in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta using a case study if three communes in flood-prone areas of An Giang province.

  • Title: Flood Water Spreading and Flood Water Irrigation in Iran
    Author: Mazda Kompanizare et al.
    Type: Powerpoint presentation
    Year: 2010
    Description: Overview of the different techniques – engineering, earthworks, biophysical in Iran.

  • Title: Institutions under Certainty: Spate Irrigation Systems in Balochistan
    Author: Muhammad Asif Kamran & Ganesh Prasad Shivakoti
    Type: Paper
    Year: 2009
    Description: First paper of ongoing PhD Research discussing how different rule systems cope with and respond to uncertainty.

  • Title: Revised PC-I of Fan Management of Mithawan Hill Torrent in DG Khan District
    Author: Mohabbat Khan
    Year: 2007
    Description: This project focusses on minimizing damage to infrastructure and standing crops in canal command and stopping canal breaches. And also on enhancing irrigation supplies in PACHAD area and improving in economic condition of the area. 

  • Title: Water Resources Management Studies in the Tuban-Abyan Region
    Author: Komex
    Type: Report
    Year: 2001
    Description: Report on groundwater study in southern part of Yemen.

  • Title: On Farm Assessment Dodota Spate Irrigation System (Arsi, Ethiopia)
    Author: Birhanu Kebebew & Mengistu Bose
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: Assessment of newly developed spate irrigation system, after first year of partial operation.

  • Title: Influence of Hydraulic Behavior of Gash Delta Soils on Water Management
    Author: Abelgadir Hag Ali Khalid
    Year: 2009
    Description: This research studies the influence of the hydraulic behavior of the GASH Delta soils on the irrigation management and the statistics that enable crops to give good production with only one irrigation during the flood season.

  • Title: Economic and social beneficts benefits of flood-based livelihoods in Vietnam’s Mekong Delta: a case study in An Giang Province
    Author: Van Kien Nguyen
    Type: Article
    Year: 2008
    Description: This paper examined the economic and social benefits of several flood-based farming practices being employed by local people using content analysis from previous studies, in-depth interviews with key informants, and analyzing the secondary data from government reports for several years. The economic values of flood-based crops and aquaculture were measured using farm gate price for output and the wholesale market price for inputs.

  • Title: Farmers’ perceptions of and responses to annual flood events in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta
    Author: Van Kien Nguyen and Kim Alexander
    Type: Article
    Year: 2014
    Description: This chapter reflects on the importance of local perceptions of flooding events and household adaptive capacity and coping strategies used to prepare and respond to annual flooding in the Mekong River Delta. By understanding how local villagers perceive, prepare for and respond to flood threats, the authors suggest that local know­ledge – in the form of human and social capital – can inform policy and help secure the necessary financial capital to support adaptive capacity and resili­ence in the face of increasingly variable floods.

     

  • Title: Environmental and Socio-Economic Aspects of Hurry, a Traditional Agroforestry System in Sindh, Pakistan.
    Author: Dr. G.R. Keerio
    Year: 2015
    Description: This book describes a study on Hurry plantation, which is a traditional agroforestry practice in Sindh. It highlights its economic and environmental aspects to promote what benefits this traditional system offers for the improvement of soils, habitat for wildlife, wood production and environment conservation through increasing ability of capturing atmospheric green house gases. This study includes published work on Hurry by various forestry experts and three international studies conducted on the soil fertili improvements, increase in crop productivi and economic and environmental aspects of Hurry. This study also well explains the technical aspects of Hurry, which we hope would be very useful to forest professionals also in understanding and promoting this practice appropriately.

  • Title: The winners and losers of the floods in the Mekong Delta; a study from Vietnam
    Author: Van Kien Nguyen
    Type: Policy brief
    Year: 2011
    Description: Although annual floods bring hardship to a great many people, they also bring a wide range of benefits especially to farmers. This EEPSEA study has looked at how the floods affect different social groups.

  • Title: Managing Sedimentation
    Author: Philip Lawrence
    Type: Document
    Description: Overview of current knowledge.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in the Yemen Arab Republic
    Author: Philip Lawrence
    Type: Article
    Year: 1986
    Description: An article in the ODU-bulletin about spate irrigation in Yemen, published by the Overseas Development Unit of Hydraulics Research Ltd

  • Title: From Value to Finance: Making IWRM Work
    Author: Ben Lamoree and Frank van Steenbergen
    Type: Paper
    Year: 2006
    Description: This paper presents various perspectives on operationalisation of IRWM.

  • Title: Improving Community Spate Irrigation in Englishin French
    Author: Philip Lawrence & Frank van Steenbergen
    Type: Flyer
    Description: Spate irrigation is a type of river management that is unique to semi-arid environments. It is found in the Middle East, North Africa, West Asia, East Africa and parts of Latin America. Globally it is believed that the area under spate irrigation may add up to six Million hectares.

  • Title: Towards better Institutional Setup in Spate Irrigation System: the Case Study of Yandafero-Konso Lowland Spate Irrigation System, Ethiopia
    Author: Tolossa Lemma Tola
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description: The study analyses the effectiveness of the existing institutions in managing the Yandafero spate irrigation system and enhances agricultural productivity. It also gives recommendations that build upon the strengths and address limitations of the existing institutions for better spate flow management and higher productivity.

  • Title: Documentation of Three New Spate Irrigation System in East Harrarghe (Ethiopia)
    Author: Abebe Mengistu
    Type: Document
    Year: 2010
    Description: Description of Harghetti, Bililo and Weltane systems in Mieso District -all recently becoming operational- with Weltane being farmer-developed and using receeding flow only.

  • Title: Effect of Uncontrolled High Floods in Emphemeral Rivers in Pakistan, Mirani Dam area and Hill torrent area of Sindh
    Author: Naseer Memon
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: Two documents describing the flood damage in the Mirani Dam area (Balochistan) and in hill torrent area of Sindh.

  • Title: Pakistan Agricultural Research Council: Research Briefing Notes
    Author: Sidra Majeed & Dr. Shahid Ahmad
    Type: Note
    Year: 2011
    Description: Truffles, an unexploited treasure in Pakistan; Issues and options.

  • Title: Review of: Traditional Practices of O&M for Spate Schemes in Yemen
    Author: Dr. Ismail Muharram
    Type: Report
    Year: 2012
    Description: This report describes the study to review the current practices in Yemen relating to O&M of spate schemes by beneficiaries in the O&M costs within the framework of existing laws to ensure the O&M of spate schemes by beneficiaries/WUAs after completion.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation and Groundwater Irrigation in Sindh, Pakistan
    Author: Behari Lal Meghwar
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2009
    Description: First MSc thesis on improving the productivity of the spate irrigation systems in Thana Boula Khan in the western area of Sindh.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Tanzania (case)
    Author: M. L. Mul
    Type: Document
    Description: Short description of spate irrigation system in Tanzania.

  • Title: Water Harvesting and Spate Irrigation – Volume X (on farm management field manual)
    Author: Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock
    Type: Manual
    Year: 1996
    Description: A practical guide to field staff on water harvesting, catchment management and soil conservation practices. It describes the application of a number of proposed strategies which can be used as part of an integrated catchment management plan in a typical sub catchment.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Eritrea
    Author: Mehari & Tesfai
    Type: Article
    Year: 2003
    Description: In contrast to other countries spate irrigation is a relatively new phenomenon in Eritrea. The area presently under spate irrigation (assessed at 14,000 ha) is a fraction of the area that can be developed (estimated by various sources between 60,000 to 90,000 ha). As elsewhere in this region the area under spate irrigation is increasing…

  • Title: Country Presentation on Spate Irrigation in Tanzania
    Author: Eng. Kamil Aron Nkya
    Type: Presentation
    Description: A powerpoint presentation on recent spate irrigation projects in Tanzania and improvements in grain storage.

  • Title: Drinking Water from Dry Rivers
    Author: Erik Nissen-Petersen
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: Very useful manual on developing drinking water resources from ephemeral rivers, using subsurface dams or sand dams.

  • Title: Feasibility Study on Hill Torrents Management Plan in CRBC Area in Dera Ghazi Khan District
    Author: NESPAK
    Type: Report
    Year: 2005
    Description: The main objective of the report was to strengthen the local economy through an increase in cultivated area, enchanced per acre yield and total crop production, flood protection of villages, infrastructure, and irrigation system and command area of CBRC, and minimize adverse effects on natural ecosystem and environment.

  • Title: Gash Barka: Strengthening Farmer Management and Improving Agronomy (Eritrea)
    Author: Karim Nawaz
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: Assessment of scope for improvements on these two fronts in the Small Scale River Diversion Project.

  • Title: Hydrology of Wabi Shebelle River
    Author: Nedeco
    Type: Document
    Year: 1996
    Description: Hydrology of Wabi Shebelle River in Eastern Ethiopia, said to have considerable scope for spate irrigation development.

  • Title: Master Feasibility Studies for Flood Management of Hill Torrents of Pakistan Main Report and Supporting Volume V
    Author: NESPAK
    Type: Report
    Year: 1998
    Description: Basic framework for development of land and water resources of hill torrents of Pakistan.

  • Title: Review of Spate Irrigation Development in Dera Ghazi Khan
    Author: Karim Nawaz
    Type: Review
    Year: 2009
    Description: Review of recent 27 Million USD spate irrigation investment programmes in DG Khan, Pakistan.

  • Title: Seeds suitable under drought and spate irrigation
    Author: Karim Nawaz
    Description: During the 1st  Annual Leadership Course on Spate Irrigation and Rain Water Harvesting, seeds of cluster beans, mustered oil seed, sesame seed, Sesbania & Bakayan tree from Pakistan were shared with participants to test them in spate irrigation areas of their countries. This document describes the specifications of the cluster beans, mustered oil seed, sesame seed, Sesbania & Bakayan Tree.

  • Title: Smart Water Harvesting Solutions
    Author: NWP
    Type: Booklet
    Year: 2007
    Description: Well-illustrated pocket guide to large range of water harvesting techniques, including reference to spate irrigation – but many other techniques as well.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Morocco (in French)
    Author: Najlae Naser
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2006
    Description: Overview of the hydrology of Guelmim in South Morocco, including spate irrigation and groundwater abstraction.

  • Title: Water from Sand Rivers
    Author: Erik Nissen-Petersen
    Type: Article
    Year: 1997
    Description: A summary of paper on developing drinking water resources from ephemeral rivers.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Pakistan: Problems and Prospects
    Author: Karim Nawaz & Muhammed Usman Qazi
    Type: Article
    Description: Pakistan being and environmentally diverse yet largely arid country depends heavily on irrigated agriculture both at the market as well as subsistence economy. The practice of irrigation is ancient in this part of the world and the local communities have been developing and managing indigenous systems of irrigation for millennia.

  • Title: Groundwater Recharge Estimation Gash Basin – Eastern Sudan
    Author: Nayl K.E.A.
    Year: 2014
    Description: This document gives an estimation how much the Gash is able to recharge the groundwater along its basin.

  • Title: Evaluation and Management of Groundwater Resources of the Gash aquifer
    Author: Nile Basin Initiative
    Year: 2014
    Description: The main objective of this study was to develop a comprehensive plan for groundwater management in the Gash basin by developing a conceptual model for the aquifer comprising the aquifer hydrogeological boundaries, water balance components and any important hydrogeological features.

     

  • Title: Assessing the performance of water user associations in the Gash Irrigation Project
    Author: Lee A. Ngirazie, Ageel I. Bushara, Jerry W. Knox
    Year: 2015 (published in Water International – IWRA)
    Description: In many countries, water user associations (WUAs) have assumed responsibility for managing irrigation systems, but their performance is known to vary markedly. This study assessed WUAs in the Gash spate irrigation project in Sudan, a decade after their initiation. Fieldwork involved a farmer survey, focus group discussions, benchmarking, and interviews with key informants

  • Title: Master Feasibility Study for Flood Management of Hill Torrents of Pakistan (summary)
    Author: National Engineering Services Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd.
    Year: 1998
    Description: Land and water resources have been evaluated for all hill torrent areas of Pakistan. This to establish a basic framework for the orderly and integrated planning and development of water resources of hill torrents. This comprehensive master feasibility report includes a detailed study of one potential hill torrent area of each Province.

  • Title: Mesquite Trees Infestation of the Gash Spate Irrigation System in Kassala State, Sudan
    Author: Hamisi Said Nzumira
    Type: MSc thesis
    Description: This research evaluates the impact of mesquite trees infestation on the agricultural production in Gash spate irrigation systems in Kassala State, Sudan in the period 1979 – 2013. It also recommends the alternative technical and economical feasible control measures of mesquite tree infestation in this area.

  • Title: Agronomy in Eritrea
    Author: Bereke Ogba-Michael
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: Very informative document describing the agronomic practices and possible improvements in Eritrea.

  • Title: Towards more effective and productive Gash Agriculture Scheme. Case: Hydrological Data Analysis in Gash River
    Author: Yasir Mohamed Omer
    Type: Technical Report
    Year: 2013
    Description: The report describes the methods used for discharges computation in Gash River and the accuracy of existing flow measurements.

  • Title: Les planches legumaires de banque alimentaire
    Authors: Ouodiouma Samaké, Joseph M. Dakouo, Mama Dembélé, Antoine Kalinganire
    Description: This document concerns a nutrition bank of pruned baobab and moringa trees, that can be tried for spate irrigation areas too.

  • Title: Management of Mesquite (Prosopis Juliflora) MonographBriefing NoteProposis Management Manual and Briefing note on Ethiopia
    Author: N. M. Pasiecznik
    Type: Document
    Year: 2001
    Description: In many spate systems mesquite is considered a major problem issue, yet it can also be considered a resource. These documents come from useful work by HRDA funded by DFID.

  • Title: Salient Features of Spate Schemes under GSCP
    Author: Project Coordination Unit of the Groundwater and Soil Conservation Project.
    Type: Document
    Year: 2011
    Description: This document gives an overview of spate schemes under the Groundwater and Soil Conservation Project.

  • Title: Water Requirement of Riverain Area of Sindh
    Author: M. H. Panhwar
    Description: This is a preliminary paper and a guideline on the possibilities to develop the water use in the riverain area of the Sindh province. It points out the present situation and suggestions for development. The focus is on the limitations and solutions of tube-well technologies implementation in the area.

  • Title: Paper on Water Resources of Kachho and Future Situation in the Context of Climate Change
    Author: Gulsher Panhwar
    Type: Paper
    Description: The Kachho area in Taluka Johi, Dadu District is facing a fast depletion of water resources. Unchecked deforestation and water overuse by submersible pumps are the major causes for the depletion of the water resources. The purpose of this study to investigate the impact and to come up with recommendations to rectify the situation in the context of climate change.

  • Title: Flood-based livelihood systems: the way forward.
    Author: Loes van der Pluijm
    Year: 2016
    Description: Wageningen graduate student Ms. Loes van der Pluijm has recently completed research on Flood-Based Livelihoods (FBL) in Kenya’s Tana River, Turkana and Samburu counties. Her overview on the status and potential of FBL in Kenya is based on interviews, stakeholder meetings and field observations.

  • Title: Bioassay of theSowbug 
    Author: Ghaolamreza Rhabar et al.
    Type: Document
    Description: Important documentation of the work of the ‘sowbug’, a burrowing crustacean that burrows holes up 1.8 meter deep and as such maintain the infiltration capacity of soils in semi-arid environments and improves soil stability at the same time.

  • Title: Effect of sowbug on Soil Aggregate Stability in a Desert Region (Case Study: Gareh Bygone Plain, Iran)
    Authors: Gholamreza Rahbar, Ataollah Kavian, Mahmood Habibnezhad Rooshan, Ahang Kowsar and Kaka Shahedi
    Year: 2015
    Type: Article in Ecoperzia 2015, 3 (4), 1189-1199
    Description: This article desribes the appearance of sowbugs in sedimentation basins of the artificial recharge of groundwater (ARG) systems in the Gareh Bygone Plain (GBP) in southern Iran. This appearance is considered an ecological breakthrough in desertification control.

  • Title: Flood simulation using public domain data for a data scarce transboundary basin: the case of Gash River Basin, Horn of Africa
    Author: Prabin Rokaya
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2014
    Description: This study was undertaken to investigate the possibility of developing a reliable rainfall-runoff model for flood forecasting using public domain datasets for the Gash River in eastern Sudan.

  • Title: Floodwater Irrigation in Southeast of Fars Province, Iran
    Author: Gholamzera Rhabar
    Type: Document
    Description: Introductionary text on the different activities in the Fars Research station in this field.

  • Title: Sheeb Valley (pdf) and Sheeb Valley (google earth) 
    Author: John Ratsey
    Type: Map
    Description: A map of Sheep Valley showing a drop from the irrigated fields down to the original ground of around 7 m. The second file can be opened with Google Earth

  • Title: Livestock Economy of Wadi Mawr (Tihama, Yemen)
    Author: Lionel Roux en Floriane Thouillot
    Type: Thesis
    Year: 2006
    Description: Detailed description of the history of Wadi Mawr and the linkage between crop production and livestock keeping.

  • Title: Bahman Check Dams Design Report
    Author: Stanley Consultants, Inc.
    Type: Report
    Year: 2006
    Description: Yemen Sana’a Basin – design report of cascade check dams meant to optimize groundwater recharge and divert water for spate irrigation.

  • Title: Dynamics of Spate Irrigation (in English)(in French)(in Spanish)
    Author: SOS Faim
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: A nice introduction into the subject, with useful references to the work of SOS Faim in the Western Lowlands in Eritrea (Gash-Barka).

  • Title: Economical and Social Impact of Technical Improvements and Renewed Spate Irrigation Systems in Yemen Wadis, Case Study, Tihama Wadis (in Arabic)
    Author: Dr. Sharafaddin Abdullah Saleh
    Type: Paper
    Description: Over the past fifty years, government authorities and international organizations have made considerable investments in improving traditional spate irrigation systems. Given their importance to agriculture in the Tihama Wadis (Zabid, Mawr, Rema and Siham) area, these investments have had significant socio-economic effects on the population there. This case study attempts to document how they have affected aspects such as land productivity, agricultural output, livestock rearing, food security, outmigration and the general standard of living.

  • Title: Farmers and Government in Spate Irrigation in Balochistan
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen
    Type: Document
    Description: This paper discusses the management of spate irrigation in Balochistan (Pakistan). It discusses the role of the government, particular in financing construction, operation and maintainance of the spate systems. It discusses the role of organized farmers in these functions and pays special attention to enabling laws, and their effectiveness, for enforcing rights to spate water and for formalizing farmer organizations. It concludes with a perspective on improved participatory management of spate irrigation systems in Balochistan.

  • Title: Harnessing Hill Torrents  in Dera Ghazi Khan
    Author: Muhammed Aurangzeh Sophyani
    Description: The Small dam division of irrigation and Power Department is trying to tame the ferocious water of the torrents originating from the Suleman range in Pakistan. To control the devastation of lands and infrastructure, delay action dam are proposed in the Pachad area that is located in the Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajan Pur Districts. The objectives and design of these proposed delay action dams are discussed in this report.

  • Title: Overview of Non-modernized Spate Irrigation Systems in Yemen
    Author: Said R. Al-Shaybani
    Type: Article
    Year: 2003
    Description: This report discusses the non-modernized spate irrigation systems in Yemen. There was a surge of spate development projects in Yemen in the 1980s. A large number of spate systems were “modernized”, particularlay in the Tihama Plains and around Aden. The modernization consisted of the construction of permanent diversion weirs, the excavation and sometimes lining of canals and land leveling. For several reasons there is a need to reassess and reappreciate the traditional methods of diversion of spates. It first gives an overview of the wadi systems in Yemen. It then discusses the types of traditional systems, one that uses non-permanent structures for diversion and one that uses traditional permanent structures. It next discusses the organization around these systems, the water rights and the operation and maintenance. It concludes with a short overview of the predominant crops in the spate systems in the country.

  • Title: Overview of Spate Irrigation in Yemen (document)
    Author: Dr. Sharafaddin Abdullah Saleh
    Type: Document
    Year: 2009
    Description: Overview of areas, main techniques and supplementary interventions.

  • Title: Overview of Spate Irrigation in Yemen (poster)
    Author: Dr. Sharafaddin Abdullah Saleh
    Type: Poster
    Description: Relation between spate irrigation and groundwater recharge in Yemen.

  • Title: Sari’a und Gewohnheitsrecht in Zabid: Dargestellt an ausgewälten Fällen zum Wasserrecht aus der Lehrschrift des Muahmmad ibn Ziyad al-Wadahi (in German)
    Author: Nadim H. Salameh
    Type: Thesis
    Year: 1995
    Description: MSc thesis on traditional water code in Wadi Zabid (Yemen).

  • Title: Spate Irrigation and Groundwater Irrigation in Sindh, Pakistan
    Author: Abdul Ghani Soomro
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2007
    Description: Second MSc thesis on groundwater irrigation in the same Thana Boula Khan area.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Blue Nile Countries
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen et al.
    Type: Document
    Year: 2009
    Description: Overview of status and potential for spate irrigation in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation, Livelihood Improvement and Adaptation to Climate Variability and Climate Change
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen et al.
    Type: Document
    Year: 2008
    Description: Whereas spate irrigation is the ultimate adaptation to climate variability, this document prepared for IFAD and is and overview of likely impact of climate change an practical possibilities for livelihood improvement.

  • Title: The Recorded Behaviour of the River Gash in Sudan
    Author: C. H. Swan
    Type: Book
    Year: 1955

  • Title: Wadi Mawr Project – draft report, short study on water regulation and distribution.
    Author: Farouk Abdel Rahman Shahin
    Year: 1990
    Description: Short study on regulation of Wadi Mawr water distribution and recommendations for future distribution of water, both base flow and floods.

  • Title: Water Rights under Sheikh Haider Zam
    Author: Serve, DI Khan
    Type: Article
    Description: This document reports on a study done on water rights and water distribution systems as part of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation-Inter Cooperation (SDC-IC) project working for livelihood improvement and non-formal education for girls in D.I.Khan, the North Western FrontierProvince, Pakistan. Its main tenets include assessment of past and present systems of water distribution; the visions of communities about governance of spate (flood) irrigation; analyses of the prime driving factors for the deterioration of flood irrigation systems in the project site and what alternative remedial measure exit.

  • Title: Guidelines for Spate Irrigation
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen, Philip Lawrence, Abraham Mehari Haile, Maher Salman and Jean-Marc Faurès
    Type: Document
    Year: 2010
    Description:  This documents assists planners and practitioners in designing and managing spate irrigation projects. It covers hydrology, engineering, agronomy, local organizations and rules, wadi basin management and the economics. It is designed to be both a practical guidance document and a source of information and examples based extensively on experience from around the world in areas where spate irrigation is practised.

  • Title: Unlocking the Potential – document and Unlocking the Potential – presentation
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen & Abraham Mehari Haile
    Type: Document and presentation
    Description: Paper on the potential of spate irrigation and contribution it can make to food security and improved livelihood.

  • Title: Managing the Water Buffer
    Author: Frank van Steenbergen and Albert Tuinhof
    Type: Book
    Year: 2009
    Description: This book explores how to maximize the use of groundwater and rainwater for development and climate change adaption in an approach called 3R. This book is the first of the 3R series.

  • Title: Sharing Experiences among Water User Association in Spate Irrigated Schemes – Regional WUA workshop report and Photo album
    Author: Spate Irrigation Network Yemen
    Year: 2013
    Description: This report draws upon the knowledge and experience sharing workshop that was held in Al-Hodeida, Yemen in November 2013. The workshop brought together farmers and professionals active in the field of spate irrigation development and management in Ethiopia, Sudan and Yemen. The participants were from Ethiopia, Sudan, and from WUA’s, farmers from different spate regions in Yemen. During the field visit many WUA’s members and farmers shared in the discussions.

  • Title: Socio Economic Impact/Benefits of MHT Project in CRBC Area, Stage III (Impact Analysis)
    Author: Abdul Sami Sheikh (P.M/CRE)
    Description: This report is giving an socio-economics impact analysis of the Major Hill Torrent project (MHT) in the Chasma Right Bank Canal area (CRBC), D.G. Khan, Pakistan.

     

  • Title: Concept paper on Spate Irrigation and Irrigation sector development in Awaran District
    Author: Spate Irrigation Network Pakistan
    Type: Paper
    Year: 2015
    Description: This paper describes the current situation and possibilities regarding spate irrigation and irrigation sector development in Awaran District in Balochistan, Pakistan.

  • Title: Dry Side of the Indus, Exploring Spate Irrigation in Pakistan
    Authors: Rina Saeed Khan et al
    Type: Book
    Year: 2014
    Description: This book describes for the very first time the special spate irrigation systems in Pakistan (“Rod Kohi”, “Sailaba” and “Nai”) and the societies they have given rise to. You can find background information here

  • Title: Evaluation of Four Spate Irrigation Systems in Tigray (Ethiopia)
    Author: Daniel Teka et al.
    Type: Document
    Year: 1997
    Description: Evaluation of recently government constructed spate system in mid-highlands of Tigray.

  • Title: Land Suitablility System for Spate Irrigations Systems – The Case of the Sheeb Spate Irrigation System
    Author: Mehreteab Tesfai
    Type: Article
    Description: Spate irrigation is a system used for wetting land prior to planting. Use is made of seasonal rivers (wadis) producing flash floods in the highlands, which are diverted by structures to irrigate fields in the lowlands.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation Systems and Watershed Development in Eritrea – the Case of the Sheeb Watershed
    Author: Mehreteab Tesfai
    Type: Document
    Description: This paper describes the interactions of the spate irrigations system in Eritrea with their upper watershecs, as a case study in Sheeb watershed. The spate irrigations practices, among others, include techniques to harvest runoff water, sediments and nutrients.

  • Title: Sudan Water Resources Management project; Rinal Mission Report
    Author: TNO
    Year: 1994
    Description: This is the last and final report summarizing the results of a number of training missions, given by the TNO Institute of Applied Geoscience (TNO-IGG) to the Technical Committees (TC) in Nyala and Kassala. The general aim was to train both Technical Committees in the development of groundwater models for economically important alluvial aquifers near both towns. The activities have been carried out in the final stages of the Water Resources Management Project (WRM) funded by the National Rural Water Corporation, Khartoum and the Directorate General of International Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Hague, the Netherlands.

  • Title: Gash Delta Project
    Author: Ahmed Tirik and Kees Hopmans
    Type: Report
    Year: 1994
    Description: This report describes the Gash Delta project, a program which focussed on on-farm flood management, crop choice and further testing on other crops including foddercrops in the Gash Delta in Sudan.

  • Title: Assessment of the Potential of Flood_Based Farming in Ethiopia (Afar, Amhara, Benshagul Gumuz, Oromia, The Southern Nations, Nationalists and People Region)
    Author: Daniel Teka (PhD), Tesfa-alem Gebreegziabher, Ayele Almaw, Goitom Tukue, Abity Getaneh
    Year: 2014
    Description: This study focusses on the potential irrigable area using spate in Afar region, Amhara region, Benishangul-Gumuz region, Oromia region, and Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia. It includes several multi-scale secondary data including soil, land use land cover, rainfall and topography.

     

  • Title: Guar
    Author: D. J. Undersander et al.
    Type: Article
    Description: Guar or clusterbean is a fascinating crop grown in spate system in Pakistan. The applications of guar gum travel far; as non calory binding agent it is used in diary industry and a drilling fluid in the oil industry.

  • Title: Jessours IRA Tunisia
    Year: 2016
    Type: Presentation
    Description: This presentation -used during the WAHARA-meetings in Zambia- gives information on Water harvesting in Tunisia and the rehabiliation of around 40 jessour units and their spillways.

  • Title: Progress reports Kassala Area Development Activities

    Author: Unknown
    Year: 1983 – 1993
    Description: Progress reports of the Kassala Area Development Activities (KADA) programme a joint project between the government of Sudan and the Netherlands that has run from 1983 – 1993.

  • Title: Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project Mid-term Review May 2008
    Author: Unknown
    Year: 2008
    Description: Mid-term review report of the IFAD Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project (2004-2013). The project promotes equitable and sustainable use of land and water resources. The overall goal is to regenerate the livelihoods of poor people in the Gash area and secure their access to irrigated land and water supplies.

  • Title: Transect walks to measure actual land use
    Author: Unknown
    Description: A rapid assessment system is required to measure crop areas and total cropped area by season in irrigated schemes constructed by the Balochistan Minor Irrigation Agricultural Development Project (BMIADP), before and after improvements to the irrigation system. There are 42 schemes and there are not sufficient resources to carry out conventional ground water survey of all of these. The purpose of the transect survey is to allow the crop area to be estimated quickly and with sufficient accuracy to allow the impact of the Balochistan Minor Irrigation Agricultural Development Project (BMIADP) on area to be estimated.

  • Title: Kaha Hill torrent Feasibility Report Pakistan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: report
    Year: 1992
    Description: A report with detailed information on Kaha River (DG Khan), the angle of the report is flood protection.

  • Title: A Note on Supporting Farmer Managed soil Bunds Systems in the Kacchi Plains 1984 – 1990
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: The Kachhi plains in Balochistan, Pakistan are a fast alluvial plain, where most agriculture is based on spate irrigation. There has been relatively little external intervention in the area, basically because the nature of these sandy plains is such that it is difficult to invest in meaningful civil works.

  • Title: Abuhabil Flooding Irrigation Scheme, Technical Report
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Report
    Year: 2009
    Description: A short update on the Khora Abu Habil – a spate irrigation system in Kordofan (Sudan) – currently being remodelled, introducing new water allocation system – replacing the earlier cascading system.

  • Title: By-laws for Irrigation Councils (Yemen)
    Author: Unknown
    Type:  Article
    Description: This text, made available by the Irrigation Improvement Project, describes the organizational framework for the Irrigation councils, that are expected to manage spate water management at the coastal wadi systems.

  • Title: Codification of Spate Management Practices in Wadi Tuban, Yemen
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: This document contains the translation of the spate management practices in Wadi Tuban in Yemen. They were drawn up in 1950, when the Sultan of Lahj held sway in the area. Central to the management or the system was the Agricultrual Council. Later the rules were changed and new local bodies came in place. Till today the Irrigation Council is active in Wadi Tuban. This document gives a detailed account of local water governance in spate system at the time and may be used to reflect on local institutional arrangments in other spate systems as well.

  • Title: Constitution of the Sheeb Farmers Association
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: The Sheeb Farmers Association was based on the traditional organization and was set up to manage the spate irrigation system and infrastructure in Wadi Laba and Mai Ule in Eritrea. This is the constitution.

  • Title: Cotton Production (in Arabic)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: Extension brochure on cotton production based on work in Tihama (Yemen).

  • Title: Designs for Improved Field Structures
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Design
    Year: 2007
    Description: Designs by the Water Resources Research Institute (Pakistan) on improved field to field structures and field inlets. These designs introduced on pilot base in DI Khan and DG Khan were very popular an particularly the field inlets were copied by farmers, as they solved a major problem (i.e. who prevent water from flowing out of the inlet after irrigation). The field to field structures prevented uncontrolled field scour and damage to downstream fields.

  • Title: Dévéloppement des ressources en eau au Maroc (in French)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Paper
    Year: 2003
    Description: Overview paper on water resources in Morocco.

  • Title: Documents about spate irrigation, water rights and more (all in Urdu) from the late 19th century and early 20th century:

    • Document 1:  File for water rights of  Surplus water of spate river Vehova, Litra and other minor spate river system. Year:1917 – 1918.
    • Document 2: General description of Spate River System Litra, Sewari and Mithawan. Describing routes, origin, flow path, irrigation command area village wise with water shares and basic terminology of spate irrigation in Tehsil Taunsa, District DG Khan, Pakistan. Year: 1917 – 1918
    • Document 3: Principles and practices of Spate Rivers Litra, Sewari and Mithawan, Tehsil Taunsa, District DG Khan, Pakistan. Documented and put in the record by Land Revenue department. Year: 1872
    • Document 4:  Principles, practices and water rights of surplus water Spate Irrigation Vehova, Litra and small spate systems, Thesil Taunsa, District DG Khan, Pakistan. Documented by Land revenue department. Year: 1872
    • Document 5: Principles, practices and water rights for Spate Rivers Baathi, Rorhali, Hamal Wali and Biaran, in Tehsil Taunsa, District DG Khan, Pakistan, Original documented in 1872 but modified with consultation of local farmers and water use association in Settlements year 1917 -1918.
    •  Document 6: Book/File on Water Rights for Spate River Kaura in Tehsil Taunsa, District DG Khan, Pakistan. Original documented in 1872 and modified in Settlement Year 1902.
    •  Document 7: Water rights for Spate River Litra and other adjoining minor spate systems in Tibbi Qaisrani and surrounding villages, Tehsil Taunsa, District DK Khan, Pakistan
  • Title: Ecology of Spate Irrigation
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: Ephemeral rivers are often unexpectedly rich depositories of vegetation. Spates collect seeds for a large part of the catchment and deposit them in the river bad and flood irrigated fields. The moist and often organic-rich layers of silt provide a favourable….

  • Title: Final Review of the Spate Irrigation Improvement Project (Yemen) (in Arabic)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: Internal review of the extensive IIP project, working on improved infrastructure, agronomy and farmers  participation.

  • Title: Flood Irrigation in the Korakan River, Balochistan (Bund Construction in a Degrading River Bed)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: For many communities along the Korakan river, this water source was an important source to irrigate their fields with its flood water. As the result of the degradation process, six collective bunds cannot be rebuilt by the farmers/water users any more, because the river bed has become too wide and/or too deep at the site of the previous bunds.  The water users of Madagan I bund and Jamak bund are only capable to rebuild their bund due to the access to free bulldozer hours.

  • Title: Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Project Sudan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Presentation
    Year: 2010
    Description: Presentation and status update of the Gash Project, largest spate irrigation system in Sudan.

  • Title: Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project
    Author: Unknown
    Type: report
    Year: 2011
    Description: This report gives an insight of the Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project up till September 2011. The purpose of the project is to ensure the efficient, equitable and sustainable operation of the Gash Agricultural Scheme (GAS) and the integration of the scheme into the local economy, further contributing toward overall national goals.

  • Title: Gazetter of the Dera Ghazi Khan District
    Author: Unknown
    Year: 1893 – 1897
    Description: Historical record on DG Khan district in Pakistan, in particular history, the people that were living there, production and distribution (agriculture, aboriculture and live stock) and and administration as well as spate systems at the time.

  • Title: Hydrologigal Analysis of Wadi Zabid and Wadi Tuban Main textGraphicsPictures and Appendices.
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Year: 2003
    Description: Description of data reliability and different types of flows (spate, base flow).

  • Title: Improved Grain Storage
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: Work of VEER (DI Khan) managed to reduce grain storage losses with 6 – 20 % using improved local stores and grain treatment.

  • Title: Improving Spate Irrigation systems: Global Experiences
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: Over the past three decades spate irrigation development has been supported under a range of national and international programs.

  • Title: Kaha Hill Torrent Development Project
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Powerpoint presentation
    Year: 2004
    Description: Presentation of work of NESPAK in the Kaha Hill Torrent in DI Khan (Punjab) where a series of minor improved traditional structures were put in place with very high cosst effectiveness.

  • Title: Lessons Learned from the Eastern Lowlands Project (Eritrea)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: Lessons from the IFAD supported spate modernization project in Wadi Laba and Mai Ule in the Eastern Lowlands of Eritrea.

  • Title: Mombo Semi-Perennial Irrigation Scheme
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: Description (in Swahili) of diversion scheme in ephemeral river in Tanzania.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Sindh, Pakistan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: The traditional spate (flood) irrigation network in Sindh involves the construction of a termporary structure one to three meters high locally called lath or Bund.

  • Title: Pictures Tanzania
    Author: Unknown
    Year: 2006
    Type: Pictures in Word document
    Description: Photo presentation on diversion structures in  operation including problems with driftwood.

  • Title: Poverty, Livelihood Risks and Copies Strategies in spate Irrigation Systems
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: Spate irrigation is mainly practiced in arid and semi-arid areas of the world, such as the Middle East, Northern and Western Africa, the Horn of Africa, South and Central Asia als well as parts of Latin America, where rainfall is too low for rainfed agriculture. Spate irrigation is a type of irrigation where flash floods with short duration coming from mountainous catchment areas are diverted from the riverbeds to irragate arable land.

  • Title: Profile of Dera Ismail Khan (in Urdu)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Report
    Description: It is an IUCN publication focusing of  Dera Ismail Khan land and water resources especialy environment.

  • Title: Rural Development Project in the Tafilalet and Dades Valley (in French)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Year: 2005
    Description: Evaluation of IFAD-supported PDRT project in Tafilalet including seven small spate irrigation systems.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Ethiopia (in Amharic)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: Experiences with farmer managed and government developed spate irrigation in Ethiopia and description of scope and direction of developing spate irrigation.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in North West Frontier Province of Pakistan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: article
    Year: 2003
    Description: Spate irrigation in North West Frontier Province has al long history, but is now also under threat by new water developments.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation River Kaura, district DG Khan, Pakistan (in Urdu)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Land settlement records
    Year: 1872
    Description: This valuable document -prepared by English Rulers in 1872- consists of water rights, rules to govern water, shares of beneficiaries, allocation and distribution of water shares, passages and routes of canals and water courses and decision making arrangements etc.. For more information or clarification please contact Mr. Karim Nawaz, email: knawaz99@yahoo.com

  • Title: Summary of Engineering Approach in Spate Irrigation
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Summary
    Description: Short two page overview of appropriate engineering interventions in spate irrigation.

  • Title: Summary Report of 1991 Evaluation of Spate Irrigation Systems in Balochistan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Report
    Year: 1991
    Description: Review of 50 plus ‘modernised’ systems.

  • Title: Taiz Hydrology
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: This document illustrates how high-peak short-duration floods can be generated from short duration storms on steep catchments. It is particularly relevant to locations where the storms can drop heavy on steep slopes close to the diversion sites.  Applicability of the methodology depends on the nature of the rainfall events. Ideally, rainfall depth-duration data will be available for local gauges.

  • Title: Tentative Lessons Learned
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: For several decades, national governments with the financial support of international donors ( i.e. World Bank, OECF, EC and IFAD) have developed and implemented projects aimed at the rehabilitation and improvement of existing spate irrigation systems.

  • Title: The Bolton Settlement Report (Pakistan)
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Year: 2007
    Description: In 1908 land and water rights in DI Khan were settled by H. Bolton. To date this is the authorative source on the spate water rights in this ares.

  • Title: The Politics of Bulldozers in Balochistan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: By topography Balochistan is plateau region where many valleys are situated throughout the province. Except for some of its plain areas rest of country is mountainous region with very less vegetation. The land topography is highly uneven and in highlands…..

  • Title: Water Rights and Water Distribution Rules
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Article
    Description: Unpredictibility is inherent ot spate irrigation, yet water distribution rules regulate the distribution of the unpredictable water supplies. They impose a pattern and reduce uncertainty and potential conflict by regulating the relations between the landowners theat have access to flood water.

  • Title: Water Rights in Wadi Zabid – Yemen
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: Legal advise on modifying water rights in Wadi Zabid.

  • Title: Water Rights on Suri Lundan River Dera Ghazi Khan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description:  This document contains the entire water rights from top to bottom of the length of the Suri Lundan River in Dera Ghazi Khan in Pakistan.

  • Title: Water Rights on Wadoor River Dera Ghazi Khan
    Author: Unknown
    Type: Document
    Description: THis documents contains all water rights from the complete length of the Wadoor River in Dera Ghazi Khan district in Pakistan.

  • Title: Women in Spate Irrigation and Groundwater Irrigation in Wadi Tuban (Yemen)
    Author: Carin Vijfhuizen
    Type: Document
    Description: Very insightful gender study from South Yemen.

  • Title: Atlas of sorghum production in East and South Africa and Poster
    Authors: Charles S. Wortmann et al.
    Type: Document
    Year: 2006
    Description: The Atlas of Sorghum Production in Eastern and Southern Africa presents information on sorghum in nine countries to serve information needs of researchers, extension and rural development specialists, policy makers, and emergency relief personnel.

  • Title: Implementation Completion and Results Report
    Author: Worldbank
    Type: Report
    Year: 2009
    Description: This report describes the completion of implementation and the results for an IIP project in the Republic of Yemen. It covered lots of other wadis besides wadi Zabid and wadi Tuban.

  • Title: Rod-Kohi System Development and Management in Pakistan – a National Project
    Author: Water Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Center
    Type: Report
    Year: 2001
    Description: The final report of the eight year long research project on spate irrigation in Pakistan by Water Resources Research Institute. It describes spate systems (also called Rod-Kohi) in the various provinces and practical research results on improved water management at canal and field level on agronomic measures and on improved drinking water supply in the spate areas.

  • Title: The Korakan River (a study on Flood Irrigation)
    Author: WUA Liaison Section
    Type: Document
    Year: 1994
    Description: This document is a description of collective soil bunds in the Korakan river, including an agro-economic profile of Kharan District.

  • Title: Spate Irrigation in Ethiopia
    Author: HRWallingford & MetaMeta
    Type: Document
    Description: Spate irrigation has developed in several semi-arid areas of Ethiopia. Whereas some spate systems seem to have been in use for several generations, in other areas spate irrigation has developed recently, in response to the increased pressure on land and water resources and an erratic rainfall pattern.

  • Title: Predicting Runoff and Sediment for IJa Galma Waqo Spate Irrigation System
    Author: Eyob Yehayis
    Type: MSc thesis
    Year: 2010
    Description: Thesis on East Harrarghe (Ethiopia) using SWAT model.

  • Title:   Potential Assessment of Flood Based Farming on lower Omo Ghibe Basin (draft)
    Authors: Eyasu Yazew, Atinkut Mezgebu, Tesfa-alem Gebreegziabher Embaye Daniel Teka and Ermias Alemu
    Type: Document
    Year: 2015
    Description: Report of the research to find out the effects of the Omo Ghibe basin, Ghibe I, II and III hydropower development dams on the flood based farming systems at the lower Omo Valley.

  • Title: Multi Reservoir Operation and Challenges of the Omo River Basin: Part II Assessment of Flood-based Farming on lower Omo Ghibe Basin
    Author: Eyasu Yazew (PhD), Atinkut Mezgebu (PhD), Tesfa-alem Gebreegziabher Embaye, Daniel Teka (PhD), Ermias Alemu
    Year: 2015
    Description: This report describes the research targeting at assessing the impact of upstream developmental interventions on the downstream flood utilization and management of the Omo Ghibe basin.

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