Newsflash October 2020

Dear readers,

Welcome to the October 2020 Newsflash of the Flood-based Livelihoods Network. This time we have some exiting events to share with you and some interesting new resources that have been developed within the network. We trust these will of benefit to you and will inspire you to work on improving the lives of those which depend on floods for their livelihoods.

As always, feel free to share input or resources through info@spate-irrigation.org.

For now, stay safe and healthy,

The FBLN team.

Topics in this newsflash

  • DREAM ASAL Updates – Updates for the DREAM II Pre-Conferences
  • Farmers of old rely on El Niño
  • Recordings available of recent Webinars
  • Upcoming Webinar in the ICOMOS Water and Heritage series
  • Blog: The power of networking and opportunity analysis in times of COVID-19
  • New paper on the adoption of Road Water Harvesting Practices published

DREAM ASAL Updates – Updates for the DREAM II Pre-Conferences

Dear Colleague,

Following the DREAM I conference of September 2019, three virtual pre-conferences will take place, as part of the DREAM II conference. The three virtual events will develop a joint programming with private sectors, civil society organisations, development partners and government partners for strengthening the coordination, cooperation, and capacitation in the Dry Valley Rehabilitation and Productive Use approach (DVRPU).

The emergencies of 2020 emphasize the need for an aligned approach to systemically enhance the resilience of Ethiopia’s lowlands. The pre-conferences will hopefully contribute to bring all stakeholders closer together in the lowlands of Ethiopia.

The pre-conferences will be held on the following dates:

  • Coordination for pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in lowland areas
    November 3, 2020 (10:00- 13:00 East Africa Time) Click here to check your local timings
  • Cooperation for pastoral and agro pastoral communities in lowland areas
    November 12, 2020 (10:00-13:00 East Africa Time) Click here to check your local timings​
  • Capacitation for pastoral and agro pastoral communities in lowland areas
    ​​November 26, 2020 (10:00-13:00 East Africa Time) Click here to check your local timings 

Registration for the virtual events is now open through the website.

The conference programme is now also available online: download program.

There will be two venues in Semara and Jijiga where participants can follow the pre-conference in a venue with conference facilities and good internet connection. During your registration you can indicate if you want to make use of this option.
To contact the organisers send a message to dream2preconferences@metameta.nl.

Further updates will follow soon. Please stay tuned with updates at https://sdr-africa.com/.

Farmers of old rely on El Niño

The Economist recently reported on interesting findings which provided a important insights into the strategies of ancient farmers in PAmpa de Mocan, a coastal desert plain in northern Peru. The research found that, as a coping strategy with El Niño, the farmers made use of the weather pattern in harvesting the water in the years of additional rainfall and growing crops of it. To be able to harvest the water the farmers developed an extensive systems of infrastructure which prepared them for when the rains would come.
This strategy is very different from the strategy of today’s farmers who . instead of using the rainfall, use canals to divers water from nearby rivers and years with the El Niño weather pattern are seen as bad years instead of years with opportunities.
Read the article on the FBLN website and access the complete research here.

One of the cisterns that was excavated as part of the research (source: The Economist)

Recordings available of recent Webinars

In the months of September and October TheWaterChannel.tv hosted a series of interesting webinars. The recordings are now available through the website.

Upcoming Webinar in the ICOMOS Water and Heritage series

On November 17th the third webinar in the ICOMOS Webinar series on Cultural heritage solutions for water challenges will take place. During this third webinar, there will be special attention for the significance of Spate Irrigation Systems through a presentation by Karim Nawaz under the title: ‘Significance of the ancient Spate Irrigation systems for contemporary water challenges’.
For more details and to register, visit the information page on the webinar series. The deadline for registration is November 16th.

Blog: The power of networking and opportunity analysis in times of COVID-19

MetaMeta recently organised a networking event for the FBLN country chapters to toghether analyse the effects of COVID-19 on the livelihoods of the flood-based communities. Using an impact analysis tool developed by Judith de Bruijne, country specific impacts were analysed. To get an impression of some of the outcomes, read the blog on the event.

Want to learn more about the COVID-19 methodology for long-term impact and opportunity analysis on water, food and agriculture, please see the recording of the session and the presentation; or contact us through info@spate-irrigation.org.

One of the mind-maps prepared by the participants from Ethiopia.

New paper on adoption of Road Water Harvesting Practices published

Colleagues from the network recently published a paper on ‘Adoption of Road Water Harvesting Practices and Their Impacts: Evidence from a Semi-Arid Region of Ethiopia‘. The paper looks into the factors affecting the adoption of Road Water Harvesting Practices and their impacts.

The Abstract reads:
In the drylands of Ethiopia, several road water harvesting practices (RWHP) have been used to supplement rain-fed agriculture. However, factors a ecting adoption of RWHP and their impacts were not studied systematically. Understanding the factors influencing the adoption of RWHP for sustainable agricultural intensification and climate resilience is critical to promoting such technologies. This paper investigates the impacts of using rural roads to harvest rainwater runoff and the factors causing farmers to adopt the practice. Road water harvesting is considered a possible mechanism for transformative climate change adaptation. By systematically capturing rainfall with rural road infrastructure, rain-related road damage is reduced, erosion and landscape degradation due to road development is lessened, and farm incomes increase due to the beneficial use of harvested water, resulting in an increased climate change resilience. This paper uses a binary probit model and propensity score matching methods based on a household survey of 159 households and 603 plots. The results of the probit model show that the education level of the household, family labor, access to markets, and distance of the farming plot from the farmer’s dwelling are statistically significant in explaining farmers’ adoption of RWHP in the study area. The casual impact estimation from the propensity score matching suggests that RWHP has positive and significant impacts on input uses (farmyard manure and fertilizer), crop yield, and farm income among the sample households.

Access the paper here.

To close

Stay up to date with developments through our Facebook pageTwitter account and the FBLN website.

We hope you enjoyed reading this newsletter and we encourage you to share updates with the network!